So is colon cancer curable? It can be tricky and it is because of the following reasons. One, cancers generally start off as benign curable outgrowths, meaning they are generally harmless and do not necessarily progress to colon cancer. A procedure known as colonoscopy can screen and can give hope to the worry is colon cancer curable. These growths could then be removed shortly after. And as these benign growths, called polyps, do not immediately cause pain and discomfort, they are generally ignored.
The human colon is a muscular organ shaped like a tube and is four feet long. Twisting and winding in your abdomen, the colon has three main functions: to digest food material, to concentrate fecal matter by drawing from it, and store fecal matter as body waste that is to be expelled eventually. Colon cancer is a condition of the colon characterized by abnormal growths of cell masses.
Another test that can be used to assess the question is colon cancer curable is a complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia, as this could be indicative of abnormal cell growths, and also liver function tests.
Once colon cancer is diagnosed, the question is colon cancer curable is not yet easy to answer. It would also depend on the stage of cancer. Stage 0 is cancer on the innermost layer of the intestine that is in the early stage. Once cancer reaches Stage 1, previously curable cancer has already spread (or metastasized) to the inner layers of the colon. Further metastasis takes the cancer to the muscle wall of the colon (Stage 2) and eventually to the lymph nodes (Stage 3). The most advanced stage of colon cancer will involve metastasis of the cancer not only in the colon, but also to the other organs as well (Stage 4).
Treating cancer and answering the question is colon cancer curable depends on different things. One of the most helpful pieces of information, however, is the stage in which your cancer is at. For the first stages, colonoscopy will show areas that will need mechanical removal of the curable polyps or abnormal tissues. That is for the surface. However, if the cancer got worse to the more advanced levels, such as that with Stages 1 to 3, large bowel resection (colectomy) will be needed. This involves cutting diseased or heavily infected segments of the colon.
This is why some people constantly wonder, is colon cancer curable. Later stages of cancer will need this very sensitive procedure. Protolectomy is done when the colon (usually including the rectum) has numerous cancerous polyps and is very capable of metastasis. Here, the whole colon and rectum are removed. Subtotal colectomy, on the other hand, is done on relatively earlier stages of cancer.
The procedure can be done through laraposcopy (using camera and minute incisive procedure to carry out the surgery) or through open colectomy, where the colon will be directly worked on and inspected. Diseased sections will be cut off while the healthier ends of the intestines will be stapled or fastened together. These mechanical means are relatively more successful that will rest the worry of is colon cancer curable; other accepted treatments include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, ablatio (cauterizing diseased tissues), and cryotherapy (flash freezing the diseased tissues).